The neurology unit is a specialty integrated within the internal medicine department service which, in cooperation, takes care of both acute patients in our emergency department, as well as in care wards and at the outpatient reception.
The nervous system is made of two parts, the central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord. Illnesses, disorders, and injuries that involve the nervous system often require consultations from a neurologist that are specialists in how to diagnose and give specific treatments of a variety of neurological problems, acute as well as chronic disorders. These disorders include epilepsy, Alzheimer disease and other dementias, cerebrovascular diseases including stroke, migraine and other headache disorders, movement disorders like multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease as well as neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis. Peripheral neuropathies which is nerve damage caused by a variety different number of conditions is another large neurological area, whereas e.g. more than half the patients with diabetes develop some type of neuropathy as a long-term complication, where the neurology specialty knowledge also is of great value in the different phases of investigations and treatments possibilities.
Within the work of the neurology different investigation procedures and techniques and its interpretations are of outmost importance. Some of those techniques are highly advanced such as different X-ray neuroimaging and neurophysiology methods. To provide the best possible care to patients with neurological disorders a strong liaison with other specialists and health professionals such as radiologists, physiotherapists, nutritionists and neurophysiologists is necessary.